Showing posts with label Upper Mustang. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Upper Mustang. Show all posts

Sunday, October 22, 2017

Terminology of Upper Mustang

Bhot: Tibet
Chhoten: Small stupa. Buddhist religious monuments that often house  remains of lamas, prayer rolls, and votive offerings,
Chhepa: the royal family handled traditional system of social sanctions
Chang: Barley Beer
Chakau: red clay of Upper Mustang
Charnau: White clay of Upper Mustang
Lakhang: Temple
Lama: Buddhist monk
Lhu: Spirits of the Earth
Loba: name Given to inhabitants of Lo, land of Lo Manthang
Lo Tso Dhun: Area under the King of Mustang (today it covers the Lo Manthang, Tsarang, Ghemi, Surkhang, Chonup and Chosser)
Lungh Ta:  Name given by local for small woodblock printed mantras on paper (Hrungma)
Mandala: Diagram that explains the Buddhist ideas on the life cycle.
Mani Stone:
Mantra: words expressing the path of enlightenment, recited during meditation
Mochu: yeti or abominable snowman
Momo: Dumpling
Mukhiya: Village Head
Namgo: protective objects above entrance door made of sheep skull covered in painted cloth and surrounded by a frame of small twigs and threads
Namyang: Vertical path through which gods walk down into the house
Nayu: Black border Painted around door openings
Om Mani Padme Hum: Mantra invoking Blessing of Availokiteshvara, the Bodhisattva of Compassion
Padmasambhava/Guru Rinpoche: founder of Buddhism in Tibet and travel the Tibetan Region
Pop: Mud Brick
Phug Lha: House gods
Phalpa: Working class
Prayer Wheel:
Raja: King
Rani: Queen
Rigsum Gonpo: collection of three Chhortens, with red blue-grey and white/yellow which refers to three Protectors (Manjushri, Vajarpani, and Avalokiteshvara)or three knowledge of Buddhism ( Wisdom, Energy, and Compassion)
Sago: an object above the entrance door which is made of dog skull covered in paint, cloth, covered by a frame of small twigs and threads
Sakya: One of the main schools of Tibetan Buddhism among four focus on study and meditation equally
Chortens: Stupa  or religion monuments that remain of lamas houses, prayer rolls, votive offerings

 Thangka:  Mustang/Tibetan noodle soup


Saturday, September 23, 2017

Thupchen Lakhang-Lo Manthang

Date: 1472, Later Changes
Owner: Choede monastery
Type: Monastery Temple
USe: Worship

Thupchen Lakhang, single storied building with large temple hall and vestibule in front.
The Temple is 37.2 by 24 m and 12 m high. The main hall is large space platform 
which contained the deity statues.
Reconstruction was done after a 17th-century northern wall collapsed and resulted in losing a square space. The style of murals, pillars and guardian statues in the main entrance hall and upper floors of temples served for the monks.
The Thupchen Larkhang restoration was completed in 2005, both the structure and the wall paintings

Tashi Gepbel Palace- Lo Manthang

Date: 1441 Later changes
Owner: Mustang Raja
Type: Residence
Use: Residence

The Royal Palace of Lo, Tashi Gephel, is huge structure dominating the townscape of Lo Manthang. The four-storied high, entry point on the square of Lo Manthang which is marked by an impressive gallery with steep stone stairs along prayer wheels. The palace shows traditional Tibetan monument by  horizontal lines represent the flat roof with vertical opening, entrance with gallery, looks like fort
Inside the Tashi, Gephel is maze courtyards and galleries and southernmost part of the palace is inhabited by the Raja 
Part of the palace is inhabited but remaining parts of Palace still need to conserve.

Wall Lo Manthang

Date: 16th Century -Choede extension 1710
Owner: Privatized Wall
Type: Wall/Defensive
The wall of Lo Manthang is one of the main attraction of the town. The wall was for a defensive purpose and keeping the town from cold wind outside. The wall used to surround by mani wall. Damdrang, the land between wall and mani wall, used to plant trees. In the 20th century, the land was privatized and houses were started to build on the Damdrang. Many openings through the wall have a weekend wall but restoring...

Ghar Gompa-Lo Gekar

Date: Second Half 8th century
Type: Monastery/Temple
Use: Worship

The oldest, Lo Gekar Monastery, in Lo shows that closely linked to the beginning of Buddhism in this region and disappearing of Bon. The Lo was visited by Guru or Saint Padmasambhava in the 8th century and believed that he was a founder of Lo Gekar Gompa.  The Lo Gekar is one of the oldest Gompa then Samye Monastery in Tibet.
Samye Monastery built in 779, which is one of the first monasteries in Tibetan region. Believed that, especially legends, Padmasambhava was not able to complete Samye because he was interrupted by demons from Lo. Maybe, this was region Padmasambhava visited Lo for founding Buddhism instead of Bon between 750 to 779.
The Restoration of Lo Gekar Gompa was completed in 2007, structure and conservation of the painted slates
Gompa was the first of 49 pilgrimages comes here along with Padmasambhava and written tests in the monastery
The paintings slates covering the walls  are unique features of Lo, show unique relation with Ladakh

Luri Cave Monastery

Date: mid 14th century
Type: Cave/Monastery
Use: Worship
Luri Monastery was built in the middle of the 14th century when Kagyupa sect of Tibetan Buddhism trying to establish itself in Lo and remains only one Kaguypa sect monastery. Because of bad conservation Luri no longer series of interconnected caves covering different floors. The main caves are reached via a small timber ladder, decorated with murals to s small sanctum. The left of the main entrance of Luri cave leads to other stupa carved of rock called Kalung.  Luri Cave Monastery need more conservation work.
The old cave of monastery is in bad condition but newer monastery which is built further down the river is in good shape. Luri monastery is the main attraction in Upper Mustang, lies on the eastern bank of Kali Gandaki. 

View of Annapurna Range

Viewing Annapurna Massif from The Tibet Section Lamjung Himal (6983 m), Annapurna II (7937 m),  Annapurna III (7555 m),  Annapurna IV ...